Is Reference List And Bibliography The Same

Knowing the proper term for your paper’s list of citations can be confusing. Do I call it a works cited page? Should it actually be called a bibliography? How is it different from a reference list? In this article, we explain what these three terms mean and how they are different or related to one another.

To begin, each citation style has its own way of naming the list of sources you used in your paper. Here we break down the differences in these list types, so that you can better understand which option works best for your work.

Works Cited

A “Works Cited” list is an alphabetical list of works cited, or sources you specifically called out while composing your paper. All works that you have quoted or paraphrased should be included. Works Cited is generally used when citing sources using MLA format (Modern Language Association) style, and sources should be listed in alphabetical order by author’s last name.

Example Works Cited entry:

Middlekauff, Robert. The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution. Oxford UP, 2007.

References or “Reference List”

A “Reference List” is very similar to a Works Cited list, and is a term used when citing sources using APA format (American Psychological Association) style. The page should be titled “References,” and is arranged alphabetically by author last name.

Example References entry:

Middlekauff, R. (2007). The glorious cause: The American Revolution. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Bibliography

Bibliographies, on the other hand, differ greatly from Works Cited and References lists. In Works Cited and References, you only list items you have actually referred to and cited in your paper. A Bibliography, meanwhile, lists all the material you have consulted in preparing your essay, whether you have actually referred to and cited the work or not. This includes all sources that you have used in order to do any research. Bibliographies are often used in Chicago and Turabian citation styles. They usually contain a long reference that has a corresponding footnote within the body of the paper.

Example Bibliography entry:

Middlekauff, Robert. The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2007.

 

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Reference List or Bibliography?

If you are using the Author-Date format the list of citations you referenced will be placed in the "Reference List" and the end of the paper. The References list should be alphabetized by authors last name to make it easy to find a citation referred to in a parenthetical reference used in the Author-Date format.  The following rules should be adhered to:   √ Start Reference list on new page √ Type the word References at the top, centered on line √ Set first line of the reference at left margin, indent all lines underneath in hanging indentation format √ Alphabetize by the author's last name (surname) √ For author's from eastern countries use the format the author uses in the work √ Alphabetize letter by letter, "nothing precedes something"  Brown, J. goes before Browning, A. √ Names beginning with Mac or Mc should be alphabetized as they are spelled √ References by the same author should be arranged chronologically with the earliest work first √ A one author work should be placed before a multi-author work that begins with the same author √ References by the same author or multiple authors (in the same order) should be alphabetized by title √ Use a "3-em dash" in place of repeated author's name ______. √ Works with no authors should be alphabetized by title, with the title in the author position √ Use Anonymous as an author only is the work is signed anonymously √ Alphabetize a group or organization name as author by the first significant word √ Please refer to the Chicago Manual of Style for further information
If you are using the Note and Bibliography format the list of citations you referenced will be placed in the "Bibliography" at the end of the paper. The Bibliography should be alphabetized by authors last name to make it easy to find a citation. The Bibliography represents the resources you used in the Note section. Some authors choose not to include a full bibliography if the resources have been cited in the Note section.The following rules should be adhered to: √ Start Reference list on new page √ Type the word Bibliography at the top, centered on line √ Set first line of the reference at left margin, indent all lines underneath in hanging indentation format √ Alphabetize by the author's last name (surname) √ For author's from eastern countries use the format the author uses in the work √ Alphabetize letter by letter, "nothing precedes something" Brown, J. goes before Browning, A. √ Names beginning with Mac or Mc should be alphabetized as they are spelled √ References by the same author should be arranged chronologically with the earliest work first √ A one author work should be placed before a multi-author work that begins with the same author √ References by the same author or multiple authors (in the same order) should be alphabetized by title √ Use a "3-em dash" in place of repeated author's name ______. √ Works with no authors should be alphabetized by title, with the title in the author position √ Use Anonymous as an author only is the work is signed anonymously √ Alphabetize a group or organization name as author by the first significant word √ Please refer to the Chicago Manual of Style for further information

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